Latin Vulgate

Saint Jerome said: “Frequently read the divine Scriptures; rather never let the sacred text out of your hands.” In the late fourth century AD, Saint Jerome was commissioned by Pope Damasus I to revise the Gospels, to correct the errors of the old Latin translation. Retreating to the Bethlehem caves, he accomplished his life work: a revision of the Bible that became known as the Latin Vulgate—the standard Bible in Europe for more than a thousand years.

Jerome’s Vulgate ultimately became the version of the Bible used in the liturgy of the church, which was significant in the Middle Ages when few people could actually read the Bible. Saint Jerome said: “If the man who does not know Scripture does not know the power and wisdom of God, then ignorance of Scriptures is ignorance of Christ."

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