"Sha’ar Hashem He-Ḥadash:" Daniel Bomberg’s "Miqra’ot Gedolot"

"Sha’ar Hashem He-Ḥadash:" Daniel Bomberg’s "Miqra’ot Gedolot"

Collection ID

BIB.003057.1-.3

Type

Bible - Printed Book

Date

1525–1526

Geography

Venice, (Italy)

Language

Hebrew

Medium

Printed on paper

Dimensions

vol. I: 15.75 × 11.25 × 2.5 in. (40 × 28.6 × 6.4 cm); vol. II: 16.38 × 11.63 × 4.13 in. (41.6 × 29.5 × 10.4 cm); vol. III: 16.31 × 7.5 × 3 in. (41.5 × 19 × 7.6 cm)

Exhibit Location

On view in The History of the Bible, Translating the Bible


Daniel Bomberg was a Christian publisher from Antwerp who is best known for printing Hebrew texts. He established the first Hebrew printing press in Venice, where, in 1517, he published his first rabbinic Bible—a Bible with rabbinic commentaries printed around the biblical text. It was criticized, however, for containing numerous errors. In response, Bomberg hired Jacob ben Ḥayyim, a Jewish scholar of the Masorah, to edit a second rabbinic Bible, represented here. This edition is known as a Miqra’ot Gedolot (Large Scriptures) originally because of the large size of the folio. However, since the late 19th century, this term has come to encompass all rabbinic Bibles. Due to the efforts of Jacob ben Ḥayyim this edition became the first printed version of the Hebrew Bible to contain the entire Masorah along with the Tanakh, Targumim, and rabbinic commentaries. As a result, it became the basis for many subsequent editions of the Bible. The three volumes in the museum’s care contain the entirety of the Pentateuch and Prophets.

Printed in 1525–1526 by Daniel Bomberg in Venice, Italy.[1] Purchased by Rochester Theological Seminary, Rochester, NY.[2] Acquired by Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;[3] Purchased in 2011 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2017 to National Christian Foundation (later The Signatry) under the curatorial care of Museum of the Bible.

Notes: [1] There is no ownership history from the time of its publication to its purchase by Rochester Theological Seminary. [2] Though the exact date of purchase is unknown, an embossed stamp on the title page and a bookplate on the front pastedown of each volume indicate that the set was in the possession of Rochester Theological Seminary library and was purchased using funds from the “Bruce Fund,” a $25,000 endowment made to the university upon the passing of Mr. John M. Bruce in 1872 (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112114014365&view=1up&seq=399). We do not know, however, from whom the set was purchased or how long it was in the university’s possession. [3] We currently do not know when or from whom Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co. purchased this set. Research is ongoing.

description

Daniel Bomberg was a Christian publisher from Antwerp who is best known for printing Hebrew texts. He established the first Hebrew printing press in Venice, where, in 1517, he published his first rabbinic Bible—a Bible with rabbinic commentaries printed around the biblical text. It was criticized, however, for containing numerous errors. In response, Bomberg hired Jacob ben Ḥayyim, a Jewish scholar of the Masorah, to edit a second rabbinic Bible, represented here. This edition is known as a Miqra’ot Gedolot (Large Scriptures) originally because of the large size of the folio. However, since the late 19th century, this term has come to encompass all rabbinic Bibles. Due to the efforts of Jacob ben Ḥayyim this edition became the first printed version of the Hebrew Bible to contain the entire Masorah along with the Tanakh, Targumim, and rabbinic commentaries. As a result, it became the basis for many subsequent editions of the Bible. The three volumes in the museum’s care contain the entirety of the Pentateuch and Prophets.


provenance

Printed in 1525–1526 by Daniel Bomberg in Venice, Italy.[1] Purchased by Rochester Theological Seminary, Rochester, NY.[2] Acquired by Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co., Philadelphia, Pennsylvania;[3] Purchased in 2011 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2017 to National Christian Foundation (later The Signatry) under the curatorial care of Museum of the Bible.

Notes: [1] There is no ownership history from the time of its publication to its purchase by Rochester Theological Seminary. [2] Though the exact date of purchase is unknown, an embossed stamp on the title page and a bookplate on the front pastedown of each volume indicate that the set was in the possession of Rochester Theological Seminary library and was purchased using funds from the “Bruce Fund,” a $25,000 endowment made to the university upon the passing of Mr. John M. Bruce in 1872 (https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uiug.30112114014365&view=1up&seq=399). We do not know, however, from whom the set was purchased or how long it was in the university’s possession. [3] We currently do not know when or from whom Philadelphia Rare Books & Manuscripts Co. purchased this set. Research is ongoing.


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