Fragment of Leviticus 27 (P.Oxy. XI 1351; Ra 954)

Fragment of Leviticus 27 (P.Oxy. XI 1351; Ra 954)

Collection ID

MS.000487

Type

Manuscript

Date

ca. 200–400 CE

Geography

Oxyrhynchus, now al-Bahnasā, (Egypt)

Language

Greek

Medium

Ink on parchment

Dimensions

1.3 × 2.3 in. (3.3 × 5.8 cm)

Exhibit Location

Not on view


This small, roughly triangular fragment of parchment came from a codex with two narrow columns of text per page. The codex likely contained all of Leviticus. The fragment preserves parts of Leviticus 27:12, 15–16, on the recto and Leviticus 27:19–20, 24, on the verso. The text is written in a clear, upright uncial, with the start of verse 16 projecting two letters into the central margin. Grenfell and Hunt noted that the ends of the lines are uneven.

Codex created in Egypt ca. 200–400 CE. Fragment discarded at Oxyrhynchus at an uncertain date. Excavated in early 1900s by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt;[1] owned by the Egypt Exploration Fund until 1922; Gifted to Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, PA (later Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School in Rochester, NY);[2] Purchased at auction in 2003; Ownership assumed in 2003 by William Noah. Acquired by Art-Levant Antiquties [sic; per invoice] (Khader M. Baidun and Sons); Purchased in 2011 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, OK; Donated in 2013 to Museum of the Bible, Washington, DC.

Notes: [1] Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, eds., “1351. Leviticus xxvii,” in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), 11:1–2. [2] Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (Egypt Exploration Society, 1924), 16:277.

Published References:

Lincoln H. Blumell and Thomas A. Wayment, eds., Christian Oxyrhynchus: Texts, Documents, and Sources (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2015).

Lincoln H. Blumell, Lettered Christians; Christians, Letters, and Late Antique Oxyrhynchus (Leiden: Brill, 2012).

Emmanuel Tov, “Scribal Features of Early Witnesses of Greek Scripture,” in The Old Greek Psalter: Studies in Honor of Albert Pietersma, eds. Robert J.V. Hiebert, Claude E. Cox, and Peter J. Gentry (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001), 125–148.

Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (Egypt Exploration Society, 1924), 16:277.

Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, eds., “1351. Leviticus xxvii,” in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), 11:1–2.

Museum of the Bible Publications:

Bethany Jensen and A. Josiah Chappell, “The Legacy of Christian Egypt: 11th International Congress of Coptic Studies” (Oklahoma City, OK: Museum of the Bible, 2016).

David Trobisch, Jennifer Atwood, Jonathan Kirkpatrick, and Rory P. Crowley, Verbum Domini II: God’s Word Goes Out to the Nations (Abilene, Texas: Abilene Christian University Press, 2014).

description

This small, roughly triangular fragment of parchment came from a codex with two narrow columns of text per page. The codex likely contained all of Leviticus. The fragment preserves parts of Leviticus 27:12, 15–16, on the recto and Leviticus 27:19–20, 24, on the verso. The text is written in a clear, upright uncial, with the start of verse 16 projecting two letters into the central margin. Grenfell and Hunt noted that the ends of the lines are uneven.


provenance

Codex created in Egypt ca. 200–400 CE. Fragment discarded at Oxyrhynchus at an uncertain date. Excavated in early 1900s by Bernard Grenfell and Arthur Hunt;[1] owned by the Egypt Exploration Fund until 1922; Gifted to Crozer Theological Seminary in Chester, PA (later Colgate Rochester Crozer Divinity School in Rochester, NY);[2] Purchased at auction in 2003; Ownership assumed in 2003 by William Noah. Acquired by Art-Levant Antiquties [sic; per invoice] (Khader M. Baidun and Sons); Purchased in 2011 by Green Collection, Oklahoma City, OK; Donated in 2013 to Museum of the Bible, Washington, DC.

Notes: [1] Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, eds., “1351. Leviticus xxvii,” in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), 11:1–2. [2] Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (Egypt Exploration Society, 1924), 16:277.

Published References:

Lincoln H. Blumell and Thomas A. Wayment, eds., Christian Oxyrhynchus: Texts, Documents, and Sources (Waco, TX: Baylor University Press, 2015).

Lincoln H. Blumell, Lettered Christians; Christians, Letters, and Late Antique Oxyrhynchus (Leiden: Brill, 2012).

Emmanuel Tov, “Scribal Features of Early Witnesses of Greek Scripture,” in The Old Greek Psalter: Studies in Honor of Albert Pietersma, eds. Robert J.V. Hiebert, Claude E. Cox, and Peter J. Gentry (Sheffield, England: Sheffield Academic Press, 2001), 125–148.

Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (Egypt Exploration Society, 1924), 16:277.

Bernard P. Grenfell and Arthur S. Hunt, eds., “1351. Leviticus xxvii,” in The Oxyrhynchus Papyri (London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1915), 11:1–2.

Museum of the Bible Publications:

Bethany Jensen and A. Josiah Chappell, “The Legacy of Christian Egypt: 11th International Congress of Coptic Studies” (Oklahoma City, OK: Museum of the Bible, 2016).

David Trobisch, Jennifer Atwood, Jonathan Kirkpatrick, and Rory P. Crowley, Verbum Domini II: God’s Word Goes Out to the Nations (Abilene, Texas: Abilene Christian University Press, 2014).


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