Vulgate Bible, Major and Minor Prophets

Vulgate Bible, Major and Minor Prophets

Collection ID

MS.000445

Type

Manuscript

Date

1180–1210

Geography

Northern or Central Italy

Language

Latin

Medium

Parchment, ink,

Dimensions

189 leaves; 9.9 × 7.06 × 2.3 in. (25.3 × 18 × 6 cm)

Exhibit Location

On view in The History of the Bible, Translating the Bible


Both the size and format of Bibles underwent substantial changes in the 12th and 13th centuries. This manuscript is an unusual one. First, manuscripts containing just the major and minor prophets are relatively rare in comparison to psalters or books containing the four Gospels. Second, the order of the prophets is unusual, with Ezekiel coming between Isaiah and Jeremiah. Third, although the manuscript is substantially smaller than one of the Romanesque Atlantic Bibles, the script is larger than what is found in typical contemporary manuscripts. Finally, the books lack the typical prologues written by Jerome.

Created around 1180–1210 CE in Northern or Central Italy. Acquired by the 15th century by Antonius Christoforus, canon of St. Mary Church in Carp; Gifted in the 15th century to the Observant Franciscan House at San Nicolò at Carp;[1] Transferred in 1868 to the Biblioteca Palatina in Modena. Acquired by the late 19th century by Henry White (1822–1900) of London; Sold at auction in 1902 by Sotheby’s. [2] Acquired by 2010 by Liber Antiquus. [3] Acquired by 2011 by Les Enluminures, LTD, Chicago; Privately purchased in 2012 by the Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2014 to Museum of the Bible, Washington, DC.

Notes: [1] An inscription in the lower margin of f. 189v dated from this period records the transfer of the book. Later, an inventory of the library in 1600 describes a manuscript that matches the item displayed here. See Anna Prandi, "Tesori di una Biblioteca Francescana; Libri e Manoscritti del Convento di San Nicolò in Carpi, sec. XV-XIX" (Modena: Mucchi, 2000), 21. [2] Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, "Catalogue of the Valuable and Extensive Library of Printed Books and Illuminated & Other Important Manuscripts of the Late Henry White, Esq." (London: Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 1902), Lot 163, 18. https://books.google.com/books?id=QNI9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Catalogue+of+the+valuable+and+extensive+library+of+printed+books+and+illuminated+%26+other+important+manuscripts+of+the+late+Henry+White,+esq.&source=bl&ots=IgPsIWVHEC&sig=83vqKwKU_BdlD6Q-yV17LixjD34&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj30sO33cTdAhULwlkKHZqqDw0Q6AEwAHoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Catalogue%20of%20the%20valuable%20and%20extensive%20library%20of%20printed%20books%20and%20illuminated%20%26%20other%20important%20manuscripts%20of%20the%20late%20Henry%20White%2C%20esq.&f=false [3] Liber Antiquus, "Early Printed Books and Manuscripts, 2010" (dealer catalog cited in Schoenberg Database, SDBM_183749.)

description

Both the size and format of Bibles underwent substantial changes in the 12th and 13th centuries. This manuscript is an unusual one. First, manuscripts containing just the major and minor prophets are relatively rare in comparison to psalters or books containing the four Gospels. Second, the order of the prophets is unusual, with Ezekiel coming between Isaiah and Jeremiah. Third, although the manuscript is substantially smaller than one of the Romanesque Atlantic Bibles, the script is larger than what is found in typical contemporary manuscripts. Finally, the books lack the typical prologues written by Jerome.


provenance

Created around 1180–1210 CE in Northern or Central Italy. Acquired by the 15th century by Antonius Christoforus, canon of St. Mary Church in Carp; Gifted in the 15th century to the Observant Franciscan House at San Nicolò at Carp;[1] Transferred in 1868 to the Biblioteca Palatina in Modena. Acquired by the late 19th century by Henry White (1822–1900) of London; Sold at auction in 1902 by Sotheby’s. [2] Acquired by 2010 by Liber Antiquus. [3] Acquired by 2011 by Les Enluminures, LTD, Chicago; Privately purchased in 2012 by the Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2014 to Museum of the Bible, Washington, DC.

Notes: [1] An inscription in the lower margin of f. 189v dated from this period records the transfer of the book. Later, an inventory of the library in 1600 describes a manuscript that matches the item displayed here. See Anna Prandi, "Tesori di una Biblioteca Francescana; Libri e Manoscritti del Convento di San Nicolò in Carpi, sec. XV-XIX" (Modena: Mucchi, 2000), 21. [2] Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, "Catalogue of the Valuable and Extensive Library of Printed Books and Illuminated & Other Important Manuscripts of the Late Henry White, Esq." (London: Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, 1902), Lot 163, 18. https://books.google.com/books?id=QNI9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PP1&lpg=PP1&dq=Catalogue+of+the+valuable+and+extensive+library+of+printed+books+and+illuminated+%26+other+important+manuscripts+of+the+late+Henry+White,+esq.&source=bl&ots=IgPsIWVHEC&sig=83vqKwKU_BdlD6Q-yV17LixjD34&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwj30sO33cTdAhULwlkKHZqqDw0Q6AEwAHoECAoQAQ#v=onepage&q=Catalogue%20of%20the%20valuable%20and%20extensive%20library%20of%20printed%20books%20and%20illuminated%20%26%20other%20important%20manuscripts%20of%20the%20late%20Henry%20White%2C%20esq.&f=false [3] Liber Antiquus, "Early Printed Books and Manuscripts, 2010" (dealer catalog cited in Schoenberg Database, SDBM_183749.)


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