The Complutensian Polyglot Bible

Cardinal Francisco Ximenes de Cisneros is perhaps a name you don’t immediately recognize, but his contribution to the scholarly study of the Bible was a considerable one. A highly influential cardinal of the fifteenth century, he recognized a growing lack of interest in the Bible.

His vision was to revive the study of what he called the “sacred Scriptures” by providing scholars accurate texts of the Old Testament in Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, and the New Testament in Greek and Latin. He did so by arranging these languages in parallel columns to allow for study and comparison.

The Complutensian Polyglot Bible was the first of its kind, encompassing the entire Bible and greatly influencing many subsequent editions, even becoming a textual source for the King James Bible.

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