Martin Luther wrote his 95 Theses on October 31, 1517, and according to legend, nailed them to the Castle Church door in Wittenberg, Germany. Luther had become frustrated with what he believed was an abuse of power by the church in the sale of indulgences.
These could be purchased, in effect pardoning a person of their sins. His 95 Theses outlined his concerns. As it became widely read, Luther was summoned to Worms on charges of heresy. When challenged to recant—he refused! “My conscience is taken captive by God’s word. I cannot and will not recant anything.”
Luther believed the Bible was the authority for the Christian faith, not the church, and that everyone should be able to read it for themselves.
To learn about the Protestant Reformation visit www.museumofthebible.org/reformation.