Before Luke Skywalker and Han Solo, there was an earlier defender of the galaxies. Galileo, a pioneer of the telescope, was a renowned scientist and devout Christian. He spent much of his life defending the idea that the sun was at the center of the universe.
However, the church in the early 1600s firmly believed the Bible taught that Earth was the center of the universe. The Roman Inquisition ruled against his scientific method, and Galileo refused to recant. He believed that science could aid in the study of the Bible.
In 1633, at the age of seventy, he was put under house arrest until his death nine years later. Galileo quoted an early Christian theologian, contending: “God is known by nature in his works, and by doctrine in his revealed word.”