The Protestant Reformation of the sixteenth century was a political, cultural, and religious turning point that changed the course of history and Christian theology! Reformers like Martin Luther, John Calvin, and others sparked movements across Europe. They challenged the Catholic Church’s claim to be the sole interpreter of the Bible.
Luther initially taught that everyone had the right to interpret the Bible for themselves. In one sermon, he scolded theologians who did not read or teach the Bible. He didn’t want them to mislead their readers and students. Martin Luther completed his most significant work in 1522, his translation of the New Testament from Greek to German. The Bible that was previously read and taught primarily in Latin was now in the hands of ordinary people, in ordinary speech! The world was forever changed.